(1) scientific production and creative work of members in areas which are considered strategic;
(2) the national and international publication and dissemination of the results of creative work and research carried out within the Institute;
(3) advanced higher-level education (PhD, masters and postgraduate degrees) in the scientific areas of Design and Artistic Studies, reinforcing the students involvement;
(4) collaborations and exchanges with other units or research centres, national and international;
(5) promoting design and research results obtained in conjunction with companies, institutions and the general public, whether through the provision of consultancy services, or through cultural diffusion, leading to an increasing public visibility of ID+;
(6) organizational consolidation, particularly through the creation and consolidation of six groups.
Prior to present the list of these actions we point out some relevant figures resulting from the analysis of the ID+ activity logs:
The total number of members increased slightly (from 149 in 2013 to 153 in 2014) and the number of PhD integrated members also grew from 35 to 37 (Fig. 1).
FIG. 1 – Activity developed by ID+ integrated members between 2011 and 2014
In 2014 the number of completed PhDs and masters (9 PhD and 45 MA/MSc) keeps the downward trend of recent years. The abandonment or delay in the completion of postgraduate courses, with particular focus on the Masters, can be explained by financial reasons. On the other hand the number of ongoing supervisions (77 PhD / 89 MA/MSc), reflects ID+ team’s capacity and the importance of this activity in the overall functioning of the Institute (fig. 2).
FIG. 2 – PhD and masters under the supervision of ID+ integrated members between 2011 and 2014
In 2014 the output indicators are generally above initial estimates as the number of peer reviewed publications (140) shows: 13 in international scientific journals, 1 in national scientific journals, 23 books or book chapters and the remaining 103 in national and international conference proceedings. The average number of peer reviewed publications per integrated member increased from 2.7 in 2013 to 3.8 in 2014 (fig. 3).
FIG. 3 – Books, book chapters and peer-reviewed publications published by ID+ integrated members between 2011 and 2014
In this context, we continue to emphasize two points:
(1) the importance of peer-reviewed international conference proceedings in this scientific area, not only because these conferences constitute a decisive element for international networking, but also because they are the most credible alternative for publishing, since the international journals in this scientific domain are still scarce and have low impact.
(2) the international circulation of books has been envisaged according to the emerging models of edition and distribution, namely academic and literary online platforms (academia.edu, scribd.com), as well as editorial resources (issuu.com, apub.com, createspace.com). The consolidation of an editorial policy must be established, considering partnerships and convergences in line with the aggregator vocation of the institute.
Besides the research projects arising from the PhDs in progress (77) ID+ members were involved in 9 national projects and 4 International. In the same period 14 prototypes were developed.
With regard to the production in design, art and culture, the indicators (110 reported items, including one national award, 14 international awards and the remaining being practice-led) and the relevance of the projects show that the ID+ is contributing in practice to a symbolic recalibration of Portuguese creativity and artefacts, becoming more visible internationally. The development of these activities in 2014 seems to have reversed the decreasing trend as shown by the average values per integrated member: 5.2 (2011), 4.2 (2012), 2.1 (2013) and 3.0 (2014). These numbers only include projects whose importance is deduced from some validation resultant from, for example, invitations to participate in national an international competitions or exhibitions in reference places with catalogue (fig. 4).
FIG. 4 – Production in Design, Art and Culture held by ID+ integrated members between 2011 and 2014
However, the numbers that refer to the indicators related to cultural and scientific dissemination activities (233) continue to show the best results. In these numbers are included publications not peer-reviewed, presentations and lectures by invitation (63), the participation in the organisation of events (128) – which participation in scientific commissions or in organisation and chairing, and other situations as participation in editorial boards of journals or executive committees of national and international entities promoting these sectors of activity (42) (Fig. 5).
FIG. 5 – Organization of scientific events and other dissemination activities carried out by ID+ integrated members between 2011 and 2014.
As shown by the matrix of indicators proposed by the FCT, ID+ scientific, cultural and artistic production globally and comfortably exceeded the figures planned in the Strategic Project (fig. 6). The exceptions relate to the number of papers in national peer reviewed journals and conferences (-3 than expected for the period) which is due to the very low number of editorial initiatives of this kind in Portugal. The advanced education results are also lower than expected, but the difference is not substantial and anchors in the reasons already mentioned above.
The negative numbers for planned software products and pilot plants they reflect delays in their implementation. They were registered as prototypes corresponding to the development phase in which they still are.
FIG. 6 – output indicators of the strategic project (planned, accomplished, deviation) between 2011 and 2014
A detailed analysis of these indicators and the calculation of the average activity per integrated member, also shows that, in 2014, ID+ showed an increasing activity over the previous year (Fig. 7) despite the increase in teaching activity and administrative tasks the integrated members had to meet in their home institutions, as well as the growing economic and financial difficulties of these institutions and of the people themselves.
FIG. 7 – average activity of each ID+ integrated member between 2011 and 2014